Top 10+ Biggest Mango Producing Countries In The World
Mango is a tropical fruit that grows on extremely large trees that reach over 100 feet in height and 12 feet in diameter. The fruit itself is considered a stone fruit due to its single pit.
Mangoes can come in a variety of colors, including orange, red, green, and yellow. This fruit is native to India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan and related to sumac and poison ivy. Its importance to humans dates back to around 2000 BC when it was domesticated in India.
After domestication, the mango was introduced to East Asia between 500 and 400 BC. By the 15th century, it had made its way to the Philippines, followed by Africa and Brazil in the 16th century. Akbar, a Mughal emperor, planted over 100,000 mango trees in a place now known as Lakhi Bagh in India. Today, mango trees can be found in a number of tropical climates. Read on to know which countries are among the biggest mango producers in the world.
Mangoes are widely popular in Southern Asia. Mango is the second most consumed fruit in the world.
It accounts for 28.2% of all fruit consumption followed by bananas at 29.4%. Mangoes have been termed “King of Fruits” because of their delicious taste and wide variety.
India is the world’s leading mango producer, with an estimated 24.7 million tons produced each year. This figure accounts for nearly half of total global mango production. Despite the fact that mangos are grown and harvested in India, very few mangos are distributed in the global market. Only about 1% of all mangos grown are released for international trade or sale. India is the world’s leading mango consumer, consuming the majority of the mangos produced.
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China is the second largest mango producer, with 4.9 million tonnes produced. Taiwanese mangoes are included in these figures. Although mango has been grown in China for centuries, significant commercial production began here in the 1960s. The majority of mango crops are grown in the southern regions, where temperatures are higher. Russia, Japan, and South Korea are major importers of Chinese mangoes.
Thailand is the world’s third largest mango producer, with 3.4 million tonnes produced. Thailand devotes approximately 753,671 acres to mango production. Thailand processes and exports this fruit in a variety of forms, including fresh, frozen, canned, and dried. However, the vast majority of fresh mangoes are sold in domestic markets. Only about 2% of fresh fruit is exported, with the rest going to South Korea, China, Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore. Mango sales exceed $50 million.
Every year, Mexico produces 2.2 million tons of mangos. The warm, almost tropical climate of Mexico makes it an ideal location for mangos. Every year, many mangos from Mexico are imported into the United States, making it a profitable crop for Mexican farmers to grow.
Indonesia is the world’s fifth largest mango producer. In 2020, they produced 2,156,817 tons of mangoes.
Mango production is most common in South Sulawesi, South East Sulawesi, and West Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia. The most common mango varieties in Indonesia are Harumanis, Manalagi, Golek, and Lalijiwo.
Mangoes from Indonesia are heavily imported into Taiwan and Singapore.
Every year, nearly 1.6 million tons of mangos are produced in Pakistan. Mangoes grow well in Pakistan, which is close to India, the world’s mango capital. Pakistan mangos are shipped all over the world, and the US Department of Agriculture imports several mangos from Pakistan. In the United States, a 4kg box of mango usually costs around $5.74.
Mangos grow exceptionally well in Brazil due to the warm climate. Brazil produces 1.4 million tons of mangos per year. While many of these mangos are distributed and consumed in South America, a few are exported to other countries around the world.
Egypt is one of the top producers of mangoes in the world. They claim the position of the eighth largest producer of mangoes by producing over 1,345,427 Tons of mangoes. The demand for mangoes is very high in Egypt.
Coastal areas such as Nile Delta and Ismailia are the best regions for mango farming in Egypt. The mangoes of the finest quality are produced in Egypt.
Bangladesh is ranked ninth on the list, producing 1,175,530 tons of mangoes. Mango production in Bangladesh accounts for 3% of total global mango production.
The locals adore Bangladeshi mangoes. Despite producing a large volume of mangoes, Bangladesh exported only about $50,000 worth of mangoes in 2020-2021.
Mango farming is popular in Rajshahi, Dinajpur, and Nawabganj in Bangladesh. Himsagar, Khirsapat, Ashhwina, Khisanbogh, Kuapahadi are some of the best and most delicious varieties of mangoes produced in Bangladesh.
Although the actual quantity in tons is difficult to determine for Nigeria, the country is one of the world’s leading mango producers. According to most economists, Nigeria produces approximately 900,000 tons of mangos. Nigeria produces eight different types of mangos, making them in high demand in comparison to other countries. The majority of Nigeria’s mangos are sold within the country, but several sweet or aromatic mangos are sold internationally.
The Philippines ranks eleventh on the list, producing over 827,075 tons of mangoes. The main mango producing regions in the Philippines are Pangasinan in Luzon, Western and Central Visayas.
Locals in the Philippines adore mangoes. Mango is the Philippines’ national fruit. The Philippines’ Zambales mangoes are famous for being one of the sweetest varieties of mangoes in the world.
Sudan is the world’s twelfth largest mango producer. They have harvested 785,940 tons of mangoes. Mangoes are one of Sudan’s most important crops. Almost every state in Sudan grows mangoes for commercial purposes.
Mangoes grow in humongous trees that grow over 100 feet high. Mangoes are grown across the world in tropical regions but it is native to India. That’s why India is the biggest mango producer in the world.
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